Category Archives: Language

Language Development, Books

Communicating with Your Baby

By Rubi

“During his first year, before communication with words is possible, a baby’s only hope of summoning help is to let out a piecing cry. Cry is an ancient alarm call that humans share with many other animals, and it produces a powerful parental response. Amazing baby, Desmond Morris, page, 107

Before babies are able to produce meaningful words they produce different sounds (speech) and find different ways to communicate their needs, wants and feelings. They communicate through crying, bubbling, smiling or body language (movement), etc. F was very determined to communicate from day one and didn’t stop until her needs were met. When she was born she let us know (as every new born does) with different types of cries that she was uncomfortable, overwhelmed, tired, bored, frustrated, lonely and hungry. It took me a long time to identify all the different types of cries, but now I am able to identify when she is in pain, hungry, frustrated, tired, etc. through the different sounds that she emits.

Language as well as movement is a crucial milestone in a baby’s development. It is important to talk to our babies in a respectful, rich, and clear way in order to help them in this process of communication. Language has to be present at all times; it also has to have a correlation with our actions and emotions so the child can be coherent when using language later on in life (means what he or she feels or says).

What is Speech and what is Language? A definition of these two words is given by Patricia McAleer a Language and Speech Therapist.

“Speech refers to the sounds that come out of our mouth and take shape in the form of words” Childhood Speech, Language and Listening Problems, Patricia McAleer Hamaguchi, page 8

“Language refers to the content of what is spoken, written, read, or understood. Language can also be gestural, as when we use body language or sign language. It is categorized into two areas: receptive and expressive” Childhood Speech, Language and Listening Problems, Patricia McAleer Hamaguchi, page 9

Language and physical care

A newborn’s vision is not very developed, yet, he or she has a very strong point of reference, his/her mother’s (father’s) voice which allows him/her to feel secure in this world during the first days of his/her life. While in the bath, hearing mine and her dad’s voice, , was the only way to get F to calm down and relax. Long before the child is able to speak or express him or herself he/she is capable of understanding. From the beginning I began to describe the actions I was performing to her e.g. I am undressing you because I am going to give you a bath (I talk to my daughter in Spanish since it is my mother tongue). In fact our best moments were at the change table, when she would look at my face while I talked to her for a long time, even after she was all dressed I would continue talking to her.

I didn’t do all that talking just because I like to talk a lot, I did it because I strongly believe that she was absorbing all that knowledge even though she wasn’t able to express it at that early stage. Now I am rewarded every time I talk to her and she shows clearly that she understands what I am saying to her for example when I say: I am going to rinse off your hair, please put your head back then she moves her head back or when I say: I am going to brush your hair; she tilts her head forward (most of the time when she is not too busy crawling around). When I say:  It is time to change your diaper; she cries or crawls away because she doesn’t like to get her diaper changed.

Language and the environment

The environment is a rich tool to help our children develop language, since we can relate the words with the objects this helps the child associate complex words with concrete objects. Every time we walk around the house and F wants me to carry her I take advantage of this situation to name things that she cannot see when she is crawling or on the floor playing e.g. “Look, that is a rectangular mirror”  or “Mom is opening the fridge, what do we have in here?” etc. Always taking my time to allow her to absorb what I am saying. When possible I allow her to touch the objects that I am naming, sometimes she smiles, sometimes she just stares at the objects for a long time. Now that she is repeating all kinds of sounds it is interesting to hear very accurate imitations of real words, such as gracias (tastas) Zeus (oosh) our dog’s name. mas (ma) more in Spanish.

Language, books and music

Music and books are very important for language development. There are many elements in music that are involved in language such as rhythm, tone. We sing to our daughter all the time, in fact when we are in the car and she is bored, lonely or tired we sing to her and she either sings back (makes sounds) or falls asleep.  She absolutely loves musical instruments. It is interesting to see that she engages and plays them for a long time. Her favorite instruments now are the triangle and the xylophone.

Books are very important for language development (please read Christie’s blog post for reference of how to choose books for young children) since they provide a rich vocabulary and the images allow babies to associate words and objects. F loves looking at books, paintings and magazines. When she was 3 months old she loved to stare at our big Mexican painting full of red, green and many other vibrant colors. Now she points at the picture as l name the objects for her.  She still loves it except that now she makes different sounds when she looks at it.

When choosing books for F I make sure that they have stories about family life, books with language that has a special rhyme, rhythm and poetry, and books that allow her to experience nature.

“Babies need someone to interact with them and encourage then in a loving way…..A baby needs to be actively engaged with people in order for the communication experience to be meaningful,….. The receptors in a child’s brain need to be stimulated, particularly during the early learning years. These receptors are stimulated when the child is touched, spoken to, and shown pictures, objects, places, and people. Without proper nurturing a child may experience learning delays, or speech, language, or listening disorders.” Childhood Speech, Language and Listening Problems, Patricia McAleer Hamaguchi, pages.11-12.

As Dr. Montessori stated in her book The Absorbent Mind “Man himself must become the center of education and we must never forget that man does not develop only at university, but begins his mental growth at birth, and pursues it with the greatest intensity during the first three years of life.”

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Filed under 0-3 Months, 3-6 Months, 6-12 Months, Language, Rubi

Books for Babies

By Christie

When we think about what books are best for children under three, we need to keep in mind their developmental level.

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These children are in the process of adaptation, which means they are learning how to relate and become a part of the world that they see around them.  Children between birth and three possess what Dr. Montessori termed an unconscious absorbent mind, meaning they will pick up every single detail of their surroundings without any preconceived ideas or judgement.  Because of this, the books that the child looks at need to represent this reality.  The books need to do with the life of the child and be culturally appropriate.  It is important that the images in the books are based in reality and if possible not have images of things that don’t really exist like smiling or talking animals.  This characteristic is very hard to find as the majority of children’s books possess friendly looking creatures that are generally smiling and/or talking.  There is definitely a time in the child’s life where these make-believe books are encouraged, it is just not for the child who is under three years old.

 

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The first books that we introduce to the children are books with one object per page.  Then, they slowly increase in content to include one object with the name per page, then two objects with names per page, etc.  The process continues to more objects with a short text (ex. Today is my birthday.  I will have a party.).  The pictures in the books move from real images to drawings, however they still need to be realistic.

Read

At home or in the classroom it is important to have a small selection of books out at one time (ex. 4-8 books).  These can be on a little bookshelf for the child to access.  It is recommended to rotate the books every week or two from your larger selection.  Show your child how to manipulate the book and turn the pages.  If you handle books with respect and model this for the child, he/she will do so as well.

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Here is a selection of books that I have in my classroom (and at home) which generally fit this criteria:

Real Pictures:

Baby Basics – Animals                                                 www.priddybooks.com

Trucks – Bright Baby                                                   www.priddybooks.com

Animals – Early Learning Fun                                  www.priddybooks.com

Things That Go – Early Learning Fun                   www.priddybooks.com

Words – Early Learning Fun                                     www.priddybooks.com

Baby Faces Board Book – Smile!                                Grobel Intrater

Families – Babies Everywhere                                     Star Bright Books

Carry Me – Babies Everywhere                                  Star Bright Books

Eating the Rainbow – Babies Everywhere             Star Bright Books

Cuddle – Happy Healthy Baby                                  www.freespirit.com

Move – Happy Healthy Baby                                     www.freespirit.com

Hands Can                                                                   Hudson, Cheryl Willis Bourke

Sizes – DK Flaptastic                                                      www.dk.com

Cuddly Animals – DK Touch and Feel                    www.dk.com

Christmas – DK Touch and Feel                                www.dk.com

Welcome Song for Baby                                             Richard Van Camp

Wild Animals – Amazing Animals                           Vision St. Publishing

Sea Creatures – Amazing Animals                          Vision St. Publishing

Emergency – Mighty Movers                                    Vision St. Publishing

Diggers and Dumpers – Mighty Movers               Vision St. Publishing

Baby’s First Word Book                                               Nicola Baxter

Maybe My Baby                                                               Irene O’Book

First 100 Things That Go                                             Make Believe Ideas Ltd.

Things That Grow                                                           Snapshot Books

In the Wild – Baby Animals                                        Kingfisher Publications

On the Farm – Baby Animals                                      Kingfisher Publications

Illustrated Pictures:

Bathtime for Twins                                                     Ellen Weiss

Playtime for Twins                                                      Ellen Weiss

Everywhere Babies                                                     Susan Meyers

Mini Masters Artist Series                                       Julie Merberg and Suzanne

Good Night Our World Series                                David J. Adams and Anne Rosen

Big Red Barn                                                                 Margaret Wise Brown

Baby Animals                                                               Gyo Fujikawa

In My Tree (Pond/Den/Ocean/etc)                  Sara Gillingham & Lorena S

Wiggle! March! – Indestructibles                       Kaaren Pixton

Little Helpers                                                               Innovative Kids

Poems to read to the very young                        Eloise Wilkin

How Do I Love You?                                                Marion Dane Bauer

The Garden – First Words                                     Flying Frog Publishing

Food – First Words                                                   Flying Frog Publishing

Baby Beluga                                                                  Raffi

Machines At Work                                                     Byron Barton

Who Lives Here?                                                        Paula Croyle

 

Look forward to having you add to the list!

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Filed under 0-3 Months, 3-6 Months, 6-12 Months, Christie, Language

The Wholesome Language

By Yvonne

Warm greeting to everyone, how’s everyone’s week so far? I hope you are all enjoying your adventure with your little one.  I had the privilege of taking the Assistants to Infancy course when I was pregnant with our first daughter E. for the first summer of our training. I was witnessing what I learnt in action when we did our prenatal timeline chart. I was eighteen weeks pregnant; I felt for the first time a little bubble with E. when she made her first interaction with me during my pregnancy.  During our training, we learnt that the first six weeks of their life after they are born is very important to make a strong bond with your child. I used the first six weeks to have intimate time with her to guide her, care for her and talking to her about the new world around her.

With my ethnic background as Asian, I have set in mind when I have my own children, I will be passing on the Mandarin language to my children while my husband, A. speak Cantonese to our children. Furthermore, during our training, we learnt to have intensive conversations with them. I have made a simple tune for each of my daughters. I started singing the song to them since my pregnancy. Furthermore, I found out after they were born that this is one of the tools I can use to calm them down. It helped assure them that they are safe and I am here for them and with them.

ReadingWhen E. was about two months old. I decided to annunciate the Alphabets with their phonetic sounds. I saw E.’s face light up as she study intensively as I pronounce each sound. I can also saw E. was trying her hardest to communicate with me by moving her mouth and making cooing sound. We continued to communicate this way for the next couple months. On our Second Wedding Anniversary date when she was eight month old, she called “mama” looking at me intensively and with meaning.  Some parents use sign language as a tool to communicate with their child. I also tried that with E. However, I suggest you follow your child’s developmental stage. For E., I introduced two signs to her, but she was making up her own way of communicating with me with her own consistent made up sign of her own. Furthermore, every time she was making those signs, she was telling me exactly what she want me to know by words. Therefore, I did not continue more sign language with her as she was showing me the urge to communicate with me starting with two words, then four words then it continue to evolve.  She continues to learn how to speak in Mandarin, Cantonese and now English as she is enrolled in an English speaking Montessori preschool. It was amazing to see her continue to gain vocabularies each day. Moreover, she knows to switch to speak to me in Mandarin and Cantonese with A.

When H. was born, I continued to use the same method with her in her language development, but I have keep in mind to not to have any preconceive idea of how H. should be with her language development as she is another individual human being with her own set of developmental agenda. I also make sure, E. and H. has the equal rights to speak for themselves instead of having E. speak for H.

As the second child in the family, H. learns to speak from all of us including her own older sister E. She started communicating with us and sang songs like her sister. H. has the urge to be heard and her rights to be understood. Therefore, her language skills took a roller coaster ride starting from eight months old. She also developed the skill of able to switching the language “’channel” in her own mind. For example, one sunny afternoon, we were at my sister in-law’s house having a great afternoon; one of the ladies who have not seen H. for over a year and she said to her “wow you have grown so much into a little beautiful girl”. H. was a year and four month old. She replied to her all on her own in English “thank you”. I was as surprised as everyone there as she was not formally introduce to the English language, but her absorbent mind like the sponge was helping to take in all the information around her world in everyway possible.

As I have mentioned before and strongly believe; follow the child, your own child and take in all the information you gather, but see what your child can do in his and her own time as they are all uniquely created individuals. Happy sharing everyone.

Enjoying the story

Admitted that the child is born with the sense of hearing, so that he hears the human voice, why among the millions of sounds surrounding him does he pick out those only for imitation?  It is because human language has made a special impression on the sub-conscious mind, evoking an intensity of feeling, an enthusiasm, able to set in vibration invisible fibres for the reproduction of those sounds, while others cause no such living thrill.  So exact is the child’s absorption of this language is that it forms part of his psychic personality and is called his mother-tongue.  ~Maria Montessori, “Education for a New World”

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Filed under 0-3 Months, 12-18 Months, 18-24 Months, 2 years +, 3-6 Months, 6-12 Months, Language, Yvonne